Our sun is primarily responsible for skin aging and the onset of skin cancer. Sun protection is the best method of preventing them. Especially during summer, due to the holidays, we stay longer outdoors and exposed to sunrays, thus increasing the risk of sunburn.
At this time, ultraviolet B radiation, the main cause of skin cancer, is more intense and therefore, all care must be taken to avoid harmful action of the sun on our bodies. However, you can follow some guidelines and enjoy the best of the sun, taking care of your skin.
Here are 10 tips you need to know to avoid been scarred for life, if not sick from intense sun exposure:
1. Avoid prolonged and repeated exposure to sunlight.
Sunburns accumulated during life predispose to skin cancer and accelerated aging. The accumulation of instance you have exposed your skin to the sun will make a difference when you get older.
Over the years, our skin loses its ability to reverse any damage caused by the sun. So, signs of skin aging, such as spots and wrinkles, begin to appear, as well as lesions that can progress to skin cancer, such as actinic keratosis.
2. Avoid sun exposure at times close to noon
The time between 10 AM and 4 PM hours has a high incidence of ultraviolet B radiation, the main cause of sunburn and the appearance of skin cancer. Look for shady spots at this time of day and, if you cannot find one, always wear sunscreen. Wear hats or caps, UV protective clothing and high sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen.
3. Tanning occurs gradually after the first few days of sun exposure
Our skin takes 48 to 72 hours to produce and release melanin, a pigment that gives color to the skin. Therefore, it is no use to want to tan in a single day. Staying a lot in the sun will not accelerate this process. You will only burn and peel afterwards, leaving your skin stained.
Remember that burns cause irreversible damage to the skin, leaving it looking older and more predisposed to skin cancer.
4. Always wear beach umbrellas, caps, visors or hats
About 70% of skin cancers occur on our faces, always protect it. Caps, visors and hats are important forms of sun protection for the face. Do not forget to protect your lips and ears as well.
Beach umbrellas should be made from thick fabric, to block the passage of sunrays. Even so, wear sunscreen, as a portion of UV radiation passes through the fabric, in addition to the radiation that is reflected in the sand and reaches yourself under the tent.
5. Apply sunscreen generously, 20 to 30 minutes before sunbathing.
This is the time required for the stabilization of sunscreen in the skin, so that its action occurs more effectively. Do this preferably at home, unhurriedly, especially in children, who will not want to stay on the beach waiting half an hour to get into the water.
The ideal is to apply sunscreen without clothes to be able to smear skin well without worrying about your swimmers. Many people are burned near the bikini or swimwear because they avoided “dirtying” them with the cream. Remember to reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or after a dipping in the water.
6. Wear SPF 30 or higher sunscreen
SPF stands for Solar Protection Factor and means that a sunscreen with SPF = 30 your skin will take 30 times longer to turn red than unprotected. Very dark skinned people can use sunscreens with protection factor 15. Learn more about which SPF to wear according to your skin type.
7. Clear skins and redhead people require better sun protection
Redhead people and those who have very clear skin are more prone to skin cancer and should consider sunscreen very seriously to avoid problems in the future. Those who have this type of skin have a greater chance of facing problems if they do not protect themselves.
People with very light skin rarely tan, so do not insist on wanting to tan. You will only burn and damage your skin. Remember that any damage will only appear at a later stage in life.
8. Sultry days also burns
Do not fool yourself. Even on cloudy days, up to 80% of ultraviolet radiation can cross the clouds and reach the Earth. So wear sunscreen these days as well, with the same SPF you would wear on a sunny day.
9. Solar filter should be worn daily
If you expose yourself to the sun daily, even if it is not on the beach, apply sunscreen on exposed areas. This decreases damages caused by the sun, which will accumulate continuously during the years of your life.
Every time you go out on the street and are exposed to the sun, ultraviolet radiation hits the cellular DNA and leaves its mark there, the result of which will only appear over the years. This care is especially important for people with light hair or eyes, with freckles that burn more than they tan, or with skin cancer in the family.
10. Children’s sun protection is the responsibility of parents.
Protect children and encourage teens to protect themselves. This is a habit that must be formed early on. About 75% of accumulated sun exposure during life occurs before the age of 20. Sun protection is very important at this time of life.
Appropriate sun protection on the first 18 years of life can reduce the chance of getting skin cancer in adulthood by up to 85%, so take this responsibility seriously. Learn how to encourage your children to protect themselves.
But, if you insist on tanning…
If you are one of those who does not dispense e tan in the summer, at least know how to tan without being burned!